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CASE STUDY – GANGA RIVER

CASE STUDY – GANGA RIVER

Ganga is a sacred river of India. As it flows to different town and cities, it gets polluted because a large quantity of garbage, untreated sewage and industrial waste is thrown in it. At many places, the pollution level is so high that no aquatic life can survive. The river is virtually ‘dead’ at these places.

The untreated sewage, thrown into the river, contains food waste, detergents and disease causing micro-organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These causes diseases like cholera, jaundice and typhoid.

Kanpur has more than 5000 industries- fertilizers, detergents, leather, paint industries and many others. These compounds contain harmful toxic chemicals like: lead, arsenic and fluoride.

 Pesticides and weedicides which are sprayed on the crops for their protection are carried to water bodies from the fields and seep into the ground and pollute fresh water and ground water as well.

To reduce the pollution level in the river, the Government of India launched Ganga Action Plan in 1985.

 

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