Describe the Second Battle of Panipat.


  • Fought between Hemu (Afghan forces) and Akbar with his regent Bairam Khan.
  • 1556 CE
  • Hemu was Chief Minister & General of Afghan ruler Adil Shah.
  • He had seized control over Delhi and Ajmer after defeating Mughal forces.
  • He declared himself as independent and took the title of Hemachandra Vikramaditya.
  • In November, Mughal forces under Bairam Kahn & Hemu’s army met at Panipat.
  • This was known as Second Battle of Panipat.
  • Ended with the defeat of Hemu.
  • Later, Lahore, Multan, Ajmer, Jaipur & Gwalior were also conquered.