Ans. The causes for overpopulation are as follows: 1) High Birth Rate: Children are born at a very high rate in India due to early marriage, social and religious beliefs, lack of education, ignorance, illiteracy and poor economic conditions. 2) Fall in Death Rate: Improvement in medical facilities, better sanitation, development of education, cont . . .
SOURCE OF CONSTITUTION: Preamble begins with “We the People Of India” Constitution gets authority from the citizens of India. NATURE OF CONSTITUTION: 1) SOVEREIGN: India is an independent country and no external power can control or interfere in domestic and foreign affairs of our country. 2) SOCIALIST: . . .
Membership: All the members of UN are members of General Assembly Each member nation is permitted to send 5 representatives out of which only one is entitled to vote. Assembly meets once a year. Special sessions may be held during emergencies. Decisions are taken by a simple majority and in important cases by a two-thirds majority. . . .
Ans. Government of India & governments of various states have taken several steps, such as: Seats are reserved for the people belonging to SCs and STs in the fields of education & employment. Free & compulsory education has been provided to all children up to the age of 14 years. Equal pay for equal work. Various employment schem . . .
What are the different types of Public Property? Ans: Public Property can be classified into 3 main types: FIrst category of public property includes assets that we use daily. Roads, railways, buses, power stations, telephone exchange, etc. Second category includes government offices, lakes, parks, playgrounds and museums. Third category co . . .
What is Gram Sabha? Ans: Definition: The Gram Sabha literally means 'a meeting of the village.' A gram sabha can be only for one village or more than one village depending upon the area covered by a Panchayat. Members: All men and women in a village who are 18 years and above, having the right to vote, are members of the Gram Sabha. . . .
What is a Writ and what are the different types of Writs? Ans: A writ is a formal written order issued by the Supreme Court and High Courts to provide legal remedies to individuals who do not obtain adequate protection under ordinary laws. It comes under article 32 of the constitution. Important Writs are as follows: HABEAS CORPUS: It means to . . .
Q.1. Give three reasons for the civil war in Sri Lanka. Ans. The distrust between the Sinhala and Tamil communities turned into a civil war due to the following reasons : (a) Sinhala was declared as the only official language disregarding Tamil. (b) Sinhala applicants were favoured for government jobs and higher positions in military a . . .
Q1. Describe the different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies. Give an example of each of these. Ans. In modern democracies, power-sharing arrangements can take many forms – (i) Among different organs of government : Power is shared among the legislature, executive and judiciary. This is called horizontal distribution of . . .
Q.1. In which part of Sri Lanka are the Sri Lankan Tamils concentrated? (a) North and South (b) North and East (c) East and West (d) South and East Ans. (b) Q.2. Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are (a) Buddhists (b) Hindus (c) Muslims (d) Christians Ans. (a) Q.3. Which is the capital city of Belgium? (a) Wallonia (b) Brussels . . .
Q.1. Which of the following is not one of the aspects of federal division of powers? (a) Sharing of powers among central provincial and local governments (b) Division of powers involving higher and lower levels of government (c) The Constitution clearly lays down powers of different levels of government (d) There is no vertical division of p . . .
Q.1. Which of the following languages is not spoken in Belgium? [2010, 2011 (T-1)] (a) French (b) Dutch (c) Danish (d) German Ans. (c) Q.2. When different parties share power to form a government, it is called? [2010, 2011 (T-1)] (a) Majoritarian (b) Federal (c) Community (d) Coalition Ans. (d) Q.3. Which of the following was not a . . .
Q.1. Tamil natives of Sri Lanka are called : [2010 (Term-I)] (a) Sri Lankan Tamils (b) Indian Tamils (c) Muslim Tamils (d) None of the above Ans. (a) Q.2. Among the following countries to which one do ‘Indian Tamils’ belong to : [2010 (T-1)] (a) Belgium (b) Germany (c) Sri Lanka (d) France Ans. (c) Q.3. Which one of the fol . . .
1. Describe the ethnic composition of the people in Belgium. The ethnic composition of Belgium is very complex. Of the country’s total population, 59 per cent lives in the Flemish region and speaks Dutch language. Another 40 per cent people live in the Wallonia region and speak French.. Remaining 1 per cent of the Belgians speak Ge . . .
Q.1. What are the different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies? Give one example of each of these. Ans. (i) Power is shared among different organs of the government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. For example, Indian political system. (ii) Power is shared among governments at central, provincial and local level (mu . . .